Regulations and labeling systems of genetically mo

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The laws and regulations and labeling systems of genetically modified food in some countries are developing rapidly at an unprecedented speed. While it brings hope to solve the problems of food, disease, energy and so on, it may also bring potential negative effects on human health and the ecological environment for the convenience of users; Use. Therefore, in order to ensure that genetic engineering technology can better serve the society, most countries in the world take a cautious attitude towards genetically modified technology, especially genetically modified food. Many countries have formulated relevant regulations and management systems for genetically modified food

in March 2000, the Mexican upper house unanimously passed health legislation, requiring genetically modified food to be labeled, listing genetically modified ingredients on the label, and printing "this food has been genetically modified"

in 1998, the Brazilian Court banned that before the implementation of the labeling system, any genetically modified RR (Roundup Ready) soybeans could be imported in this state when the controller was not powered on again. In August, 1999, the federal judge of Brasilia court cited this ban to support Greenpeace's opinion and prohibit the cultivation of RR soybeans. In June, 2000, in the "4+2" modern industrial system focused on the development of Jiangbei new area, the federal court of Brasilia reconfirmed the labeling system, but until now, the relevant system and laws have not been implemented, but have entered the stage of parliamentary deliberation

from April 1st, 2001, Japan stipulated that all genetically modified foods must pass the safety inspection. At the same time, Japan has also implemented a mandatory labeling system for foods with more than 5% genetically modified ingredients. Some genetically modified ingredients, including "Starlink" corn, have been banned

the Korean government has implemented a mandatory labeling system for genetically modified foods since March 1, 2001. The market of PAN based carbon fiber composites is 165.3 billion yen (about 8.6 billion yuan), showing its genetically modified ingredients. If any company is found to have incorrect information on the product label, it will be sentenced to three years in prison or fined 30million won, and those who do not affix the label will also be fined 10million won

the Philippine Congress has passed a large number of laws on genetically modified crops. The president and the Secretary of agriculture attach great importance to the labeling system and believe that the details of the relevant system will be worked out soon

genetically modified food was included in the regulation scope of Indonesian food law in 1996. The labeling system stipulates that all genetically modified foods need to be labeled with "genetically engineered"; In processed foods, genetically modified ingredients should be listed in the ingredient list

the Saudi Arabian government has banned all products manufactured by genetically modified organisms and has strictly implemented the labeling system since December 2001. Genetically modified food must be labeled with a triangle and printed with warning words in Arabic and English. The import of genetically modified food also requires a health certificate

since May 1st, 2001, Sri Lanka has banned the import of all genetically modified food, and the government has also banned the manufacture, transportation, storage, distribution and sale of any genetically modified food

the New Zealand Food Authority is responsible for the approval and supervision of genetically modified food, and has developed a labeling system for genetically modified food, which has been implemented since July 2001

Norway is regarded as the country with the strictest regulation of genetically modified food in the world. The government prohibits the import of several genetically modified crops and products containing antibiotic resistant marker genes, and the government also implements the genetically modified labeling system

Switzerland requires that all food products and animal feeds, including additives, must be labeled with "genetically modified organisms" or "containing genetically modified organisms" as long as they contain genetically modified ingredients. In January 2000, Switzerland was the first country to include genetically modified drugs in the labeling system

the Czech labeling system for genetically modified food has been implemented since this year, in line with the EU legislation on genetically modified food

the Polish government announced in April 2000 that all genetically modified foods need to be labeled, and the Minister of environmental protection ordered the relevant information to be printed on the packaging paper with legible words in a conspicuous color

Russia enacted the law on genetically modified consumer goods in July 2000. Food and pharmaceutical products containing genetically modified ingredients need labels, and the information about genetically modified ingredients must be listed on the shipping documents

the EU "new food law" regulates the sale of food and implements a labeling system for all kinds of genetically modified or genetically modified food, and also legislates. For RR soybeans and Syngenta Bt corn, it is required to list DNA and new proteins of genetically modified crops in the labels of such foods. In April, 2000, food additives and fragrances were included in the labeling system, and their DNA should also be listed on the products. The regulation of genetically modified animal feed and animals raised by genetically modified feed is also in the planning and discussion stage. The EU is planning to revise it to stipulate that the genetic components of all genetic products can be traced

although some genetically modified foods, such as RR soybeans, Aventis' rape (mustard seed) and Syngenta's Bt corn, are allowed to be used in food, when EU legislation is tightened, almost any new genetically modified foods are banned in essence; Portugal, Luxembourg, Austria and Germany also banned Bt corn from Syngenta, while France and Greece also banned rape from Aventis

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