The core technology is the key to the breakthrough

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The breakthrough of core technology in the development of robots in China is the key.

robots are the Pearl at the top of the manufacturing crown. Their R & D, manufacturing and application are important signs to measure the level of scientific and technological innovation and high-end manufacturing in a country. Since entering the 21st century, the global manufacturing industry is developing in the direction of automation, integration, intelligence and greening. As the main force of intelligent manufacturing, robot technology has become an important part of the fourth industrial revolution. The fifth part is about the positive classification method of the external flame roof experiment, which is changing the pattern of the global manufacturing industry and bringing a brand-new technological revolution

looking at the global manufacturing industry, it has entered a critical period of transformation, especially in the deployment of industrial robots to improve the production efficiency and qualification rate of factories and promote the transformation of the manufacturing industry. In the context of global manufacturing upgrading, the deployment scale of industrial robots continues to expand, especially in developed countries such as the United States, Japan and South Korea, where robot density is high, but China is the world's largest consumer of industrial robots. (data and pictures)

new opportunities for robot development

in 2016, the robot industry development plan (2016-2020) jointly issued by the Ministry of industry and information technology, the national development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of finance required that a relatively perfect robot industry system should be formed after five years of efforts. At this year's robot conference, vice premier Liu he pointed out in his speech that in recent years, the average annual growth rate of the global robot industry has always been maintained at more than 15%, which has the potential to become a new growth point. Documents on the development of the robot industry have been issued one after another, making people realize that China's robot industry is now in a period of vigorous development

according to the China robot industry development report (2018), China's industrial UL can also provide customized solutions. The industrial robot market has developed rapidly, accounting for about one third of the global market share, and is the world's largest industrial robot application market. According to statistics, the sales volume of industrial robots in China reached 138000 units in 2017, with a year-on-year increase of 30%. It is expected that the sales volume will exceed 150000 units in 2018, and the market scale will reach US $6.23 billion. By 2020, the domestic market will further expand to 9.35 billion US dollars

in addition, the market scale of service robots in China has expanded rapidly and has become a bright spot in the application of robots in the market. In 2018, the service robot market in China is expected to reach US $1.84 billion, with a year-on-year increase of about 43.9%, higher than the growth rate of the global service robot market. By 2020, with the rapid development of parking robots, supermarket robots and other emerging application robots, China's service robot market is expected to exceed $4billion

at present, the market of special robots in China maintains a rapid development, and various types of products continue to appear. There is a prominent demand for special robots in dealing with earthquakes, floods, extreme weather, as well as mining disasters, fires, security and other public safety events. In 2018, China's special robot market is expected to reach US $670million, with a growth rate of 23.3%, higher than the global level. Among them, the market size of military application robots, extreme operation robots and emergency rescue robots is expected to be US $470million, US $150million and US $50million respectively. Extreme operation robots are the fastest growing fields. With the further improvement of Chinese enterprises' awareness of safety production, special robots will be gradually used to replace people in dangerous places and hazardous environments. By 2020, the domestic market demand for special robots is expected to reach US $1.07 billion

after nearly 40 years of development, China's robot technology has achieved breakthroughs and leaps in basic research, product development, manufacturing level, etc., but there is still a gap with developed countries. Only if we make unremitting efforts and catch up, Chinese robots will surely bloom the charm of made in China on the world robot stage

the weakness of China's robot industry

with the growing maturity of China's robot market, China has made positive progress in key technology breakthroughs and diversified applications. However, it is undeniable that the market competitiveness of domestic robots is still not strong. China's robot industry should complement its weakness and climb up the value chain, and the core technology is still the key

now, around the innovative application of emerging technologies such as big data, IOT and artificial intelligence, the robot industry, the Pearl of the manufacturing crown, is at the forefront of scientific and technological breakthroughs and industrial changes, and is becoming a new driving force under the new normal of China's economy. According to the 2018 China robot industry development report, China's robot market has entered a period of rapid growth. In 2018, the size of China's robot market is expected to reach $8.74 billion, with an average growth rate of 29.7% from 2013 to 2018. However, under the huge market volume, 70% of China's industrial robot market is foreign brands, which shows that the contradiction between the performance of China's own brand products and the demand for high-end applications in key industries still exists, and domestic robots are absent in high-end applications

China has become the largest robot market in the world since 2013, and last year it created a double record high: one is that the capacity of the market reached a new high, more than 140000 units. The other is that the overall growth rate has reached the highest speed of the development of robots in China in recent years, and the average growth rate has reached nearly 60%. Qu Daokui, the founder and President of Xinsong Robot Automation Co., Ltd., said that the rapid development of China's robot market was driven by the large growth rate of multi joint robots in 2017, and multi joint robots are regarded as the high end of the robot field because of the complexity and accuracy of control. In China, SCARA robots and multi joint robots are still the leading foreign brands, accounting for almost more than 80%

the challenge faced by Chinese suppliers is how to make more complex robots. Karelelot, senior managing partner of McKinsey Global and head of McKinsey's Asian operation consulting business and IOT, said that China lacks intellectual property rights about robots. At present, China's water and gas dispersion hindered countries only hold less than 1% of industrial robot patents, and China's share in the low-end market is relatively larger. At present, there are more than 800 robot companies in China, but most of them focus on system integration, without their own product prototypes or very complex product solutions

breakthrough in core technology is the key point

although the competitiveness of China's own brand robots in the field of high-end applications is small, as the application industry of domestic industrial robots continues to expand, the application scope is wider and wider, and the penetration rate is higher and higher, China has made positive progress in some key technology breakthroughs and diversified applications. The 2018 China robot industry development report shows that domestic industrial robots are gradually gaining market recognition. At present, China has taken breaking through the key core technology of robots as an important strategy for scientific and technological development. In the field of industrial robots, domestic manufacturers have overcome some problems in the field of key core components such as reducers, servo controls, servo motors, etc., and the trend of localization of core components is gradually emerging. The application has rapidly expanded to plastic, rubber, food and other sub industries. After automobiles and electronics, hardware and bathroom, furniture and household appliances have also become the main application fields of domestic industrial robots; In terms of service robots, intelligent related technologies basically keep pace with the international leading level. China's technological innovation in the field of artificial intelligence continues to accelerate, and the number of patent applications in China is on the same order of magnitude as that in the United States. In particular, the number of application layer patents such as computer vision and intelligent voice is growing rapidly, giving birth to a number of innovative and entrepreneurial enterprises. In terms of special robots, policy guidance has led to continuous progress in the technical level of special robots, and new progress has been made in the development of special UAVs, underwater robots and other products. At present, in the field of special robots, China has initially formed a series of products such as special UAVs, underwater robots, search and rescue/explosive ordnance disposal robots, and has formed advantages in some fields

in the face of the core technology of the neck, the 2018 China robot industry development report pointed out that the primary goal of China's industrial robot research and development is still to break through the key core technology of robots. With the joint cooperation of politics, industry, University and research, the localization of controllers has been initially achieved

breaking through the core technology needs to focus on

Zhao Jie, director of the Robotics Research Institute of Harbin Institute of technology and head of the national intelligent robot key special overall expert group, said that the core parts are only one of the core technologies of robots. The core technology is robot technology and industrial development, which is a systematic project. From the basic cutting-edge technology, common key technology, core parts, core software, core devices, To industrial robots and application process system solutions, and so on. To break through the core technology, we must make a comprehensive breakthrough and need coordinated development, so as to promote the rapid development of China's industrial robots and the entire robot industry. He pointed out that in the future, if we want to transform from market driven to technology driven, we need to get out of this low-level repetition and move towards the medium and high-end market

no matter how big a company or how powerful a product is, once the innovation is lost and the leading role is replaced, competitors can take advantage of the situation. Now many of our products are in the stage of low-level repetition, and the big problem is that our innovation ability has yet to be solved. Zhao Jie added

at the same time, he also mentioned that enterprises need to be calm and focused on breaking through core technology. He said: robot is a multidisciplinary integrated technology. No matter how big the enterprise is, it is difficult to finish all the things or put them in its own hands. What we really need is to be the best in a single field. For decades, we have sharpened our swords and focused on subdivisions. If we do a good job in each subdivisions, the whole domestic robot will also get a very good development

the next 10 years are the window period of development

since the world's first industrial robot was launched in 1962, after more than half a century of development, robot technology has evolved rapidly. With the deep integration and promotion of IOT, big data, cloud computing, cognitive science and other fields, new forms of development have been formed continuously. The development direction of intelligence has become increasingly prominent, and it is expected to become the vanguard force of a new round of industrial reform, It has triggered major changes in the way of human production and life

the International Federation of Robotics (IFR) predicts that the robot revolution will create a market of trillions of dollars, which will drive the rapid development of key technologies and markets related to robots, such as new material function modules, perception acquisition and recognition, intelligent control and navigation

the report "robot 3.0 new ecosystem in the era of artificial intelligence" jointly released by IDC and the China Academy of communications and communications mentioned that with the iterative upgrading of perception, computing and control technologies and the in-depth application of digital technologies such as image recognition, natural speech processing and deep cognitive learning in the robot field, it will have a far-reaching impact on the robot industry and accelerate the development of intelligence in the robot industry. Qu Daokui, founder and President of Xinsong Robot Automation Co., Ltd., said that the main technical components of industrial robots in the past were machinery, electronics, software and control; Now robots have been fully integrated with big data, artificial intelligence, IOT and cloud computing

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